(763) 694-6158                   3475 Plymouth Blvd., Suite 200, Plymouth, MN 55447

EPIC: Exceptional Periodontal and Implant Concepts

Periodontal Disease

Infection starts when the gums become inflamed due to bacteria. While this is often the main cause of periodontal disease, other factors can also be attributed to affecting the health of the gums and bone, including:

  • smoking
  • diabetes
  • biting forces that are traumatic
  • stress
  • genetics
  • pregnancy
  • medications
  • poor nutrition
  • lack of professional dental care

Periodontal disease comes in several forms. Gingivitis is the mildest form of gum disease. The gums may become red, swollen and bleed easily. Good news is that gingivitis can be reversed. It is a more superficial type of gum disease and is what having your teeth cleaned every 6 months helps reverse.

Periodontitis is another form of periodontal disease. This usually affects adults and will be diagnosed by measuring the space between the gum and the tooth with the term "pocket" used to describe the diseased area. It destroys the bone underneath the gum tissue and is non-reversible, that is the bone will not grow back once it is destroyed by this process. This process very seldom has any pain or discomfort associated with it so many people are unaware they have a problem unless they are told by their dentist or dental hygienist. This will require treatment and more frequent visits to the dentist or periodontist to keep from progressing even after treatment.

Treatment and Prevention

Treatment's goals are to reduce the pocketing or space between the gum and the tooth to allow your toothbrush and dental floss to be more effective. The efforts we use at home have been shown to only reach up to 3mm of a space.

Treatment can be non-surgical and/or surgical depending on the diagnosis and associated factors of each patient.

Good oral hygiene and regular visits with your dentist and periodontist can help reduce the effects of periodontal disease. Daily brushing and flossing can keep plaque to a minimum and, in conjunction with professional cleanings 2 - 4 times a year can keep your teeth healthy for life.